AR

By-Laws

SIFFA

By-Laws


First Chapter

Association Name – Location – Term

Article (1): To incorporate a cooperative association in Damascus in the name of the Syrian Associations for Shipping and National Logistics, whose activities cover all the provinces in the Syrian Arab Republic.

Article (2): Location of the Association: Damascus. Its business activities deal with forwarding goods within the Syrian Arab Republic and abroad in addition to remittances.

Article (3): The Association Term: Unlimited, starting from the proclamation date provided for in Article (3) of Law (317) of 1956, amended by Law No. 91 of 1958, and Article (3) of its executive regulation, amended by the Ministerial Decision No. 1122 dated 13.12.1962.


Second Chapter

Association Objectives

Article (4): The Association's objective is to improve the economic and social status of its members; in realizing this end, it performs the following acts:

  1. To Upgrade the owners of the forwarding offices socially, culturally, professionally, economically and technically speaking.
  2. To endeavor realizing the projects leading to improve the workers' performance at the forwarding offices, organizing the profession, supplying facilities for customers, submitting the necessary suggestions to the competent authorities to be adopted and applied.
  3. To amicably settle the professional disputes that arise among the members of the association, or between the association's members and its customers according to the usages of trade, and by means of arbitration.
  4. To offer all technical assistances, legal, economic and social studies and all technical expertise in connection with the forwarding offices to all governmental departments and organizations in order to organize the profession and developing it.
  5. To endeavor to issue a periodical prospectus laying down the shipping charges in collaboration with the competent authorities.
  6. To contribute in rendering services soonest possible at a minimum price, to uplift the efficiency of the workers and qualifying them in a cooperative manner.
  7. The association issues the shipping document, or the bill of lading, regarding the international regulation that it goes along with the Syrian Arab Republic laws and regulations, where the association provide these documents for the forwarding offices to use. Such document is regarded as receipt of receiving the goods, and a contract to move the cargo to the destination stated within the document. In case of any conflict between the two parties in this contract, article 70 of the statue is applicable.
  8. The Association may prevent infringements on it or its associate members in cooperation with the competent authorities, provided that the Board of Directors shall establish the mechanisms of action through the following action:
    1. Prohibition of exercising profession by persons who do not have licensed offices or not qualified to work.
    2. Prohibition of combining the freight forwarding with another profession, including combining freight forwarding with passenger transport, combining freight with tourism and travel in one office, working as freight forwarder under the name of a transport establishment, or working as a freight forwarder under the name of import and export without mentioning shipping or freight services clearly.
  9. The association seeks to assist the legislative, executive and administrative authorities to organize and develop the shipping profession and to find a cargo complex in the center of each governorate of the Syrian Arab Republic. The association also may participate in committees formed by ministries and authorities to defend the rights of workers in shipping offices, and it has the right to administer the complex and prevent unaffiliated members of the association from benefiting from it.
  10. The association has the right to establish service centers for its members, such as setting up a club or charity dispensary to provide medicine to the workers in the forwarding offices or a cooperative housing project for the summer vacations. The Association also has the right to establish a training center to raise the competencies and qualifications and may contract with local and external parties to achieve these purposes
Article (5): The Board of Directors sets down an annual schedule for the association's activity to be presented to the annual General Meeting delineating therein the plans and objectives, and the Association members are bound to execute such a schedule.


Third Chapter

Association's Funds and Members Liabilities

Article (6): The funds of the association are made up of:

  1. Unlimited shares to be subscribed for by the members.
  2. Membership duties.
  3. Subscription fees.
  4. Grants, donations, bequests and subsidies
  5. Other resources and benefits purely useful to the association that the Board of Directors agrees on.
Article (7): Members subscription duty is set at SP100,000.— payable upon tendering the subscription application. If the application is approved, the subscription duty becomes the property of the association and can not be recovered. But if the subscription application is turned down, the applicant then has the right to recover the subscription duty during three months from the date of turndown. In the event of delay in withdrawing such a duty, it will be the right of the association.

Article (8): The annual subscription payment is set at SP50,000.—payable the first month of each calendar year, and the Association is entitled to raise this amount by a decision issued by the General Meeting by at least two-third of the majority of the attending members.

Article (9): The Association's funds are maintained at a bank the Board of Directors determines, acceptable by the Ministry of Social Affairs; the cashier is not permitted to keep in his hold more than SP500,000.—for petty expenses. Deposits operations shall be made once a week.

Article (10): The fiscal year of the association commences as of the 1st of January and ends on the 31st of December of the same year.

Article (11): The accountant is in charge of bookkeeping and accounting of the association .

Article (12): It is not permissible to spend the funds of the association on anything other than realizing its objectives and projects.

Article (13): It is not allowed to draw any sum of money from the association's funds deposited in the bank without the approval of the Chairman of the Board being considered as a "comptroller".

Article (14): No payment shall be made from the association's funds without a payment order signed by the president of the Association to be drawn from the bank in his presence together with the cashier, being both authorized in this respect. In the absence of the president, payment shall be effected by an order signed by the vice president and his presence at the bank together with the cashier.

Article (15): The association is allowed to draw bank loans at low interest in support of its projects. The terms to grant the loans, loan amounts, durations, guarantees to be submitted, and repayment method shall be determined according the banking regulations and in consistent with the association's capabilities.

Article (16): It is conditioned that whoever would like to associate himself with the association shall own a number of shares, and the minimum limit to such proprietorship is one share. These shares which the Board of Directors issue are not assignable to a third party, and no one is entitled to own more than a fifth of the association's shares. The share's value is SP5000.--. A group of natural persons who work at one office may all associate themselves with the association, and each of them will become a member of it if they are acting partners. Every acting partner in the association has one counting vote, and if a group of partners enrolled in the association with their artificial personality, their representative shall legally represent their group, and also has one counting vote.


ِChapter Four

Membership

Article (17): The association consists of:

  1. Natural persons who have the status of a trader, have a commercial register and are financially charged and meet the conditions of the administrative license for the profession of work in the field of internal or external shipping. It is stipulated that the real estate must be sorted and owned by its owner independently or the owner of a sorted shop registered in the financial departments.
  2. Legal persons represented by companies of persons or funds from the number of the Syrian Trade Law and subject to the procedures of the month and whose subject matter is the practice of internal or external shipping works, holders of a commercial register, financially charged and those who meet the conditions of the administrative license to practice the profession in the internal or external shipping field. This legal person also has one vote.
Article (18):
  • It is conditioned that the member of the association shall:
    • be one of the persons working in the buiseness of local and external cargo ,practicing the profession on the application submittal date , having his own office in one of the Syrian Provinces and has completed eighteen years of age .
    • Be in need to the services that the association provides.
    • Undertake to respect the Assocition Statute and execute its decisions.
    • Submit a subscription application provided it has been accepted, to own one share minimum of the association’sshares and to make pledge to pay all financial commitments that will be incurred on him.
  • If the real estate in which the freight forwarder is operating, is based on a concealed contract that conceals a joint venture company or the property is a refunded or sent to the applicant under an investment contract whereby he has not been charged with the financial departments, or the freight forwarder is operating under a contract or judicial judgment in which the property belongs to the owner who is Non-practicing the shipping profession, the Association may refuse to accept the application for membership and if the Association has accepted the member and then proved it later that the above situation is considered, the Association may request the member to complete the conditions within three months after the date of notification under the penalty of dismissal for failure to complete the conditions.
  • A committee shall be composed of an expert and two members of the Board of Directors, or duly assigned by its staff, to inspect the forwarding offices to ascertain the applicant's practice of forwarding. This committee may take into account in its assessment the location of the office, the type of building, its area, effectiveness, reputation, customer movement, and footing in practice and conformity of the documents submitted by the applicant to the reality. The Committee may nominate the applicant for admission and receive the papers, or ask the applicant to complete his papers. The committee shall be chaired by a member of the board of directors or by the board of directors who are employed by the association. The decisions of the Committee shall be taken by majority and the decision of the Committee shall be no more than a recommendation and the Board of Directors shall decide whether to accept the application or not.
  • Every member of the association undertakes the following:
    1. All documents submitted by him are true and certified and the information contained therein is at his own risk
    2. All documents submitted by him are true and certified and the information contained therein is at his own risk
    3. He is ready to do his utmost to serve the customers with his office and declare his contractual and default responsibility for the delivery of goods and the amounts he receives from remittances against payment taking into account time, place and commercial custom.
    4. Not to deliver the goods to the consignee before the full value of the transfer is received. In case of breach of this undertaking, it is necessary to pay the value of the transfer against payment to the sender of the goods within a maximum period of / 30 / days following the date of issuance of the bill of lading under the risk of dishonesty with respect to the internal shipment in particular.
  • Each member shall, upon his / her affiliation, determine the chosen domicile to inform him of all correspondence addressed to him.
  • The area of the office where the goods are collected within the city should not be less than one hundred square meters.


Article (19): The board of Director shall make its decision on the application within a month from the date of submission .If it is accepted ,the member will be then entered in the members record;if the sums of money paid will be returned to the applicant according to the prvisions of the Third chapter.

Article (20): All assocition members have the same rights and bear the obligations provided for in the Association Statute. The member has the right ti attend meetings ,take part in discussion,offer suggestions and voting.

Article (21): The membership attribute is removed in the following cases :
  1. By the death the member ,and the acquired rights pass to the inheritors according to the legal distributions .
  2. By quitting practicing the profession.
  3. By withdrawal; withdrawal is to be done by submitting an application to the Association showing therein the sauses behhind his request,and the Board of Director on the application submitted delays, the member will be deemed legally withdrawn if three months have elapsed on the application date .
  4. The member loses one of the conditions of membership , such as the license given to him has become invalidated or he has become incapacitated.
  5. If he delays from paying the subscription fees for two consecutive years ,provided he was served with a warning notice,through the notary public ,of the need to effect payment within fifteen days following the notfication date.
  6. Dimissal.
Article (22): Membership is approved and removed by a decision adopted by the Board of Directors.

Article (23): The Board of Directors is entitled to adopt sanctions against any member who violates the Association Statute, or abstains from executing its General Meetings' decisions, perpetrates any act that is inconsistent with the objectives of the Association or in conflict with the cooperative work systems, or violates the usage of trade and ethics. These sanctions shall be imposed gradually, and forwarded in writing; they are:
  1. Admonition: It is made by notifying the member by a letter mentioning therein the violation, and drawing his attention of the necessity to shun from such an act in future.
  2. Warning: It is made by forwarding a letter to the member forewarning him that severer sanctions will be taken against him if he goes on in his violation.
  3. Freezing for a period not exceeding one year, whereby the Association refrains from supplying the member with services; he, in addition, has no right to participate in the association’s activities, or to attend its meetings or cast his vote on its decisions.
  4. Dismissal from the association’s membership; the member is discharged from the association if he has committed acts violating its objectives or its Statute. The member shall be summoned by a registered letter to appear before the Board of Directors. Questions are forwarded to him in writing. If he fails to attend, or his pleading has not been acceptable , the Board then has the right to dismiss him by the approval of a two-third majority of the members, and the member is then advised in writing of the dismissal decision by a registered letter.


Article (24): The member who lost his membership for failing to settle his duties may submit a new membership application and will be treated in the like manner of new members.

Article (25): A disqualified member who lost his membership has no right, for any reason whatsoever, to recover the affiliation duty, the subscription payments, the shares value he subscripted for, gifts and donation he made to the Association.

Article (26): The withdrawn or dismissed member, who lost his membership for any reason is held responsible before the association and against a third party of the obligations ensued from his acts during the last two years.


Chapter Five

Management


Article (27): It is provided that a member of the Board of Director:

  1. should be one of the subjects of the SAR, enjoying his political and civil rights and in his full legal capacity.
  2. should not be convicted with any criminal punishment, or imprisonment due to honor, moral offense or breach of trust unless he has been rehabilitated.
  3. should have settled all his obligations due to the Association.
  4. should be practicing the profession.
  5. should be resident in SAR permanently.
  6. two years minimum should have elapsed on his membership with the Association, excepted from this rule is the members of the first Board of Directors.
  7. should be literate (able to write and read).
  8. should not be a contractor with the association in transactions that he makes profits from.
Article (28): The Association is run by a Board of Director consisting of nine members elected by the General Meeting from its members by secret ballot.

Article (29): Term of membership of the board is three years. The first board of directors remains in office for five years; at the end of this period, a new board shall be elected in the following manner: one-third of its members shall be renewed every year by vote, so as the first one-third is renewed at the end of the first year, in the second year, election is made to select second one-third, and at the end of the third one-third is renewed, while the chairman of the board remains in office throughout the three years.

Article (30): Re-election of the members of the board whose term in office has expired including the Chairman of the board is permissible.

Article (31): If a position becomes vacant at the Board of Directors between a meeting of an annual General Meeting and the next due to decease, dismissal or withdrawal, the Board of Directors should fill up these vacant positions by the members who requested to become members of the board and acquired high votes. The membership of these members continues temporarily till the annual General Meeting is convened. Excluded from this rule is the first board of director, but if positions become vacant in the Board of Directors due to death, dismissal or withdrawal… the Board of Directors then has to call the General Meeting to select a substitute.

Article (32): The membership of a member of the board who fails to attend three consecutive sessions of the board without proper excuse will be dropped.

Article (33): The Board of Directors represent the Association before a third party, the judiciary, and official authorities. It shall elect in its first meeting the chairman of the board, vice president, secretary, cashier and a treasurer.

Article (34): The secretary executes the following tasks:
  1. Drawing up the call for the meeting of the General Meeting and the Board of Directors, together with writing the minutes of meetings and sign them up.
  2. Make all the correspondence of the Association and the receival of the incoming mail.
  3. Bookkeeping and holds in custody the records the Ministry of Work & Social Affairs determines and all the documents and seals of the Association.


Article (35): The cashier is assigned to performs the following tasks:
  1. Signing the drawing orders of the sums of money required to be drawn from the banks whereat they have been deposited together with the Chairman of the Board.
  2. Keeping the petty expenses.
  3. Keeping paper titles.
  4. Receiving the funds due to the Association from the members.
Article (36): The treasurer is assigned with the following tasks:
  1. Receival of the funds from the cashier and to safe keeping them pending their deposit with the approved bank.
  2. All accounting works, paying salaries and wages.
Article (37): The Board of Director is entitled to perform all the works and activities that realize the objectives of the Association, in a way that facilitates the execution of its projects and plans; the Association is deemed responsible for the acts of the Board of Directors before a third party if its acts are within the limits vested in it by virtue of the law, the ministerial decisions and this statute.

Article (38): The Chairman of the Board may delegate one of the members of the board to act in his own behalf with a view to execute the board's decisions, and the acting member has to submit to the board a statement of his acts.

Article (39): The board of directors has to notify the representative of the Ministry of Work and Social Affairs in Damascus Province the names of the members of the board, their functions in the board and of every change that takes place in the board structure within (15) days from the time it occurs.

Article (40): The Board of Directors holds periodical meetings at the headquarter of the Association once a month. Extraordinary meetings can be held on the strength of the Chairman's request or two-third majority of the members. However, it is permissible to hold meetings at any of the offices related to the members of the board of directors, and if the meeting place has been agreed upon by the members of the board, such a meeting will be held valid.

Article (41): A meeting attended by half of the members shall constitute a quorum. Meetings are presided by the Chairman of the board, or the vice president in his absence; if both are absent, it is presided by the oldest attending member.

Article (42): The minutes of meeting of the Board of Directors shall be taken down on the minutes of meetings book; it shall indicate the names of the members who are present or in default with a briefing on the works accomplished; a copy of the minutes of meeting shall be notified to the Work and Social Affairs Directorate within (15) days from the meeting date.

Article (41): The Board of Directors performs the following tasks:
  1. It extends assistances, facilities and services to the members.
  2. It prepares annual report on the activities of the association, lays down the annual project plan, the annual balance sheet and preset the same to the General Meeting.
  3. It appoints employees and workers, determines their salaries, their office work hours and duties.
  4. It appoints legal advisor, determines his salary and tasks.
  5. It places the plans and studies in connection with the interest of the Association and adopts all attitudes in support of the function of the Association.
  6. It communicates with all state departments through the Ministry of Work and Social Affairs in the artificial personality of the association, submits applications, proposals, recommendations, and obtains notices, decisions, regulations and instructions from the competent authorities that realize gains to the members of the association.
  7. The Board Of Directors has the right to pay transportation compensation to the employees within the association, for every mission or every working day, ranging from 1000 to 5000 SYP, including food allowance, transportation, and overnight wages, when any of the employees is commissioned to an external task.
Article (44): The Chairman of the Board acts as a representative of the Association before the others, the judiciary and the official and non official departments. He is empowered with the right to litigate for the Association before all judiciary bodies of all degrees and ranks, the administrative committees, to plead for the interests of the Association and its members, to empower attorneys to sue and plead before all types of courts whether civil, penal or administrative, executive departments and notary public; he is also entitled to defend the Association's rights and its members before all law courts of all degrees and ranks. He moreover has the right to refer to all ministries and departments to achieve the association's objectives, and pursue all channels of appeal and assume all measures that secure the rights of the Association.

Article (45): The liability of the members of the board is dropped when two years have elapsed on the General Meeting approval on the Association's statements of accounts and the board's actions.

Article (46): The Ministry of Work and Social Affairs has the right to cease the execution of any decision the Board of Directors may issue if it has been clearly and expressly inconsistent with the Statute of the Association within (30) days of its issuance. The Ministry's decision shall be well-founded, and the Association is entitled to challenge such a decision before the Court of First Instance in Damascus within (30) days following notifying it with the stay of execution. The Court of First Instance adjudges the appeal at the deliberation room with summary, and the decision the court takes shall be final in this concern.

Article (47): Auditing the accounts of the Association shall be made once a year at the headquarter of the Association by an accountant the General Meeting chooses from the chartered accountants panel. Excluded from this rule is the first Board of Directors in the first year of its term where the Board of Directors chooses the accountant.

Article (48): The auditor prepares his report and sends a copy of it to the Board of Director to be presented to the General Meeting, and another copy to the Ministry of Social Affairs, and a third one to the Directorate of Work and Social Affairs in Damascus after it has been approved.


Chapter Six

General Meeting



Article (49): The General Meeting is the higher authority of the Association, it determines the interests of the Association and lays down the plans that realize its objectives. The decisions taken by the General Meeting apply on all present members and those who have failed to attend. The General Meeting is presided by the Chairman of the Board or his deputy.

Article (50): The General Meeting of the Association holds an ordinary meeting once a year upon the request of the Chairman of the Board during the period falling between the 1st of December and the 30th of April. The General Meeting may hold an extraordinary meeting whenever the interest of the Association so requires pursuant to a decision made by the Board of Directors or the request of more than half of the members. The agenda shall be determined beforehand.

Article (51):

  1. The meeting of the General Meeting shall be designated to debate the issues on the agenda announced in the call. The General Meeting adopts its decision by majority vote of the present members, and it is not allowed to vote by authorization or correspondence, but it is permitted to vote by a judicial power of attorney, during the validity period, provided it contains an explicit text that the principal authorizes his attorney to vote for him at the Freight Forwarders Association. It is however licensed to discuss important issues after finishing with the items on the agenda under an item called "recent development".
  2. The member has the right to appoint another member to attend meetings of the General Assembly and to vote, on the condition that the original member and the proxy member both has the right to vote and that they notify the assembly about this, three days before the date of the General Assembly, and the proxy may not hold more than one authorization and they should take into account the terms in paragraph (A), and that the agency is juridical and within the period of validity, and that a special provision is provided for attending the general assembly meeting and voting.
Article (52): By approval of a two-third-majority, the General Meeting is entitled to modify the Statute, dissolve the association and remove some or all of members of the Board of the Directors.

Article (53): A representative from the Ministry of Work and Social Affairs should attend the meetings of the General Meeting, or a representative from Work and Social Affairs Directorate in Damascus; this representative should sign the minutes of meeting in acknowledgement that the legal procedures have been consummated.

Article (54): The meetings of the General Meeting are convened at the headquarter of the Association. If the place does not have room enough, the Board of Directors may designate another place for meeting. Call is made in writing, accompanied with the meeting agenda. A copy of the call and the agenda in addition to the list of the persons called in shall be displayed at the Association headquarter. The Directorate of Work and Social Affairs shall be informed accordingly 15 days minimum prior to the appointed time together with sending a copy of the agenda.

Article (55): The meeting is considered valid and legal if a quorum of half of the called members are present. If such a quorum has not been met, the General Meeting is re-called to another meeting after 20 days from the first meeting date. The second meeting will be considered valid and legal irrespective of the number of the members present provided it is not less than the number of the members of the Board of Directors.

Article (56): The General Meeting in its annual meeting looks into the following matters:
  1. Certifying the closing account of the ending fiscal year.
  2. Adopting the budget for the new fiscal year and approves the annual program of the Association's activity and its work plan for the next year.
  3. Electing members for the Board of Director instead of the ones whose membership have terminated or removed.
  4. Determining the conditions for lending and the borrowing conditions from the banks; lending shall be made to the members only but never to a third party.
  5. Discussing the issues on the agenda for which the meeting is held.
Article (57): Voting is the right of each member provided he has paid up all obligations and subscriptions due on him. Each member has one vote no matter the number of shares he owns.

Article (58): All the decisions the General Meetings adopts are effective the moment voting has been made, unless the General Meeting specifies when they shall become effective.

Article (59): The minutes of meetings and the decisions of the General Meeting are set down in writing in the minutes of meetings record, signed by the Chairman of the Board, members of the board and the representative of the Ministry or the Directorate attending the meeting.


Chapter Seven

Annual Accounts

Article (60): Realized profits during the fiscal year are appropriated as follows:

  1. 20% of the net profits for reserve.
  2. 10% of the net profits for rewards decided by the General Meeting for each member of the Board of directors, some of its employees and workers.
  3. 10% of the net profits goes for the improvement of the Association, renewing its furniture, supporting it with materials, equipments and supplies that develop the administrative, financial and service cadre.
  4. 60% of the net profits is appropriated as dividends on the members according to the shares each one owns.
Article (61): The dividends a member does not claim for during one year from the date it has become due shall be prescribed and deemed a donation made by the member and added to the reserve after notifying the member accordingly.

Article (62): The Board of Directors should appropriate the profits within two months from the date the General Meeting approved the annual accounts.


Chapter Eight

Termination, Dissolution & Liquidation

Article (63): If the Board of Directors realized that the Association has become incapable of realizing its objectives, it is then permissible to dissolve the Association by virtue of a decision mad by a two-third-majority of the members of the General Meeting; and the Ministry of Work and Social Affairs and the Directorate of Work and Social Affairs shall be advised accordingly within (15) days from the issuance date of such a decision.

Article (64): After the issuance of the dissolution decision, the General Meeting appoints a liquidator who calculates the Association’s right and satisfies its obligations. The association found are deposited at a bank the competent minister designates,provided such founds are spent on a benevolent projecte that has a public utility whereat free of charge services are provided to the owners fo freight forwarders offiices ,since the cooperative associations founds are classified as collective ownership the law sponsores their protection and support.

Article (65): The association is managerially dissolved if the number of its members become less than ten, or if it has closed subscription or refrained from granting membership or merged with another association.

Article (66): The Association is dissolved in the following cases:

  1. If it has dealt with politics.
  2. If it proved it has violated the basic principles of cooperation, or gone away from the rules the law has provided for.
  3. If it is proved that it has been in breach of its obligation towards a third party or the members.
  4. If it is proved that embezzlements took place resulted in successive losses for several years, for three years minimum; the member who has interest may institute a legal proceeding.
Article (67): The Association shall abide by the international rules and conventions concluded by the Syrian Arab Republic with international parties and organizations, and seeks to implement the agreements approved by the Syrian government. The association has the right to join the Arab and international organizations and bodies related to shipping after obtaining the approval of the competent authorities. The Association also has the right to attend seminars and conferences related to shipping, and subscribes to magazines and attend regional and international courses, through a decision by the Board of Directors, and also to conduct courses for people who work in shipping and forwarding, and give them certificates in order to raise professional competence and all this after obtaining the approval of the competent authorities in order to contribute to the unification of global shipping systems and help the competent authorities to organize The affairs of the profession in accordance with the laws and regulations prevailing in the Syrian Arab Republic.

Article (68): Each member of the Association of Owners of Cooperative Freight Forwarders is entitled to practice internal financial transfers for a commission. The movable and immovable property of the Member shall be considered as guarantors of payment. Such transfers shall not be endorsed, but shall be personal transfers to be delivered to the addressee or his agent under a notary law.

Article (69): Any Syrian citizen, working in the field of shipping and forwarding, and has legal international certificates stating his practice of the profession and affiliation with Arab and international organizations working in the field of shipping, is to be accepted by the Association as a member and consultant in the issues of the profession, under the following conditions:
  1. To practice his activities in Syria.
  2. The organizations to which he belongs shall not be prohibited.
  3. To submit the supporting documents for enrollment.
Article (70): Members of the Association shall accept to settle any dispute between each other, amicably. In case the dispute is not settled amicably, arbitration is applicable. In case of a dispute between the owners of the shipping offices among themselves and others, the Board of Directors has the right to intervene and resolve the dispute through arbitration, and it is a prerogative of the Board of Director, all procedures provided for in the rules of procedure shall be taken. The judgment issued by this arbitration shall be final and not subject to any way of review or appeal.

Article (71): Members of the Association may not transport passengers in vehicles intended for shipping goods, and goods or animals may not be transported in vehicles intended for transporting passengers, under penalty of dismissal from the Association.


Chapter Nine

Association Committees

Article (72): The Association may form committees in order to organize the profession's affairs, defend the rights of its employers and represents them, and draw plans and programs. Committees include:

  • Inspection Committee: Inspects the offices whose owners have applied for membership in the association or the offices referred to in paragraph (8) of Article (4), and also shall take into consideration the provisions of paragraph (3), article (18).
  • Dispute Resolution Committee: To organize and develop the profession of freight forwarding, and to find a complex in the center of each of the governorates of the Syrian Arab Republic, to use for freight forwarding services. The Association may participate in the committees formed by ministries and authorities in order to defend the rights of the people who work in freight and shipping offices, and to prevent non-affiliates from benefiting from the complex.
  • Traffic Committee: To participate in the traffic committees that are formed by the ministries.
  • Customs Committee: To defend the owners of the freight forwarding offices in front of the competent authorities, since the freight forwarder has no experience in determining what the goods are, and does not entail any responsibility towards the customs administration.
  • This committee has the right to attend seminars and conferences related to the development of customs regulations, and to assist the competent authorities in regulating the affairs of the profession in accordance with the laws and regulations prevailing in the Syrian Arab Republic.
  • Financial Committee: To participate in the financial committees in each governorate, which are provided for in Law 24 of 2003.
  • Price Setting Committee: To determine the shipping rates and circulate these prices to all members to work accordingly, in cooperation with the competent ministries and departments.
  • Legal Committee: To defend the association members before the judiciary and contribute to the development of laws and regulations related to the profession of shipping.
  • Professional Committee: To write down and codify the customs of the profession, identify the professional problems and seek ways of solving them in accordance with regulations, laws and custom.
  • Public and International Relations Committee: To sponsor the Association's affairs, and its international accreditation and its affiliation to international associations and organizations, attending international conferences, Identify international shipping regulations and laws, and creating a website for the Association. The committee also has the right to contact the freight forwarding offices to publicize the association's objectives and purpose, organizing joint cooperation agreements between the association and the international shipping associations, and sponsoring exhibitions, conferences and specialized seminars for the profession. This committee shall be obliged to obtain the approval of the competent authorities necessary in its work
The above committees shall be entrusted with matters relating to their activities. Each committee is composed of three members, one is from the Board of Directors, or from the General Meeting. The other two members may be experts in financial, economic, legal, engineering or professional matters. The committees take their decisions by majority, and its decision shall not be considered valid or acceptable unless the Board of Directors adopts it.


Chapter Ten

Branches of the Association

Article (73): The Association may, when necessary, establish branches in the governorates after the approval of the General Authority and the Directorate of Social Affairs and Labor in Damascus. Each branch shall be financially and administratively affiliated to the Parent Association and shall be administered by an administrative committee appointed by the Board of Directors of the General Assembly of the concerned governorate provided that it shall not be less than five members. This committee is seek to look after the interests of the Association and on the implementation of the decisions of the Board of Directors.


Chapter Eleven

Closing Rulings

Article (74): The Association shall undertake to amend its statute of procedure in order to comply with the new cooperative legislation to be issued in the future if there is a conflict with the Association's bylaws.

Article (75): The Association enjoys an artificial personality, and does have the right to take possession of movables and non-movables assets and whatever it may need to realize its goals. It is also entitled to conclude contracts, to invest its moneys in a way consistent with the laws and regulations in force and to provide its members with health and social care and services.

Article (76): No seizure is permissible on the Association's headquarter, buildings or properties that belong to it, including all houses, estates, salaries and the warehouses required for realizing its objective; this also applies on its vehicles and cars, furniture, equipment and all tools and things related to it.

Article (77): The Freight Forwarders Association is the authorized association to represent the local and outside of Syria freight forwarding office.

Article (78): The Association member should not compete with it, and has no right to transact business that may damage the interest of the Association, or hinder its activity or realizing its objectives, and he should not refrain from submitting all particulars the Association requires of him of his work progress and business activities.

Article (79): Cooperative associations are organizations containing the people's manpower; they strive to develop the society, endeavor to realize the interests of their members. Therefore, the state and its organizations guarantee securing the association requirements if it requires to bring in raw materials, restricted, rationalized or limited, that it has preference and given all the facilities and exemptions provided for in the laws and regulations in force.